Ophthalmology covers the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders of the eyes and visual system.
It is a mixed medical and surgical specialty and the practice is very diverse, dealing with a variety of issues and clinical conditions. Patients come from across the whole age spectrum from premature babies to older people.
Common conditions treated include:
- Diseases of the cornea
- Retinal problems
- Intraocular inflammation
- Eye-related neurological problems.
Ophthalmologists also manage patients with:
- Eye injuries
- Infectious eye disease
- Chronic diseases of the eye such as diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration.
For more information see the NHS Careers website.